BRÉSIL

PUBLICATIONS
  • Tensions between the Middle Classes and the “New Middle Class” in Brazil: An Accidental Biographical Ethnography
    by TINA HILGERS,  
    15/9/2022

    This article constructs an understanding of the Brazilian middle classes using economic, sociological, and cultural factors. It argues that the so-called “new middle class” is actually an expanded vulnerable class and that the middle classes are simultaneously conscious and in denial of injustice toward the lower classes. The argument is based on an accidental biographical ethnography: re-interpretation of a field journal and the use of one person to understand broader trends. The resulting textual product juxtaposes biographical passages with theoretical analysis, deviating from traditional article structures to share the voice of the biographical participant while also critically examining the implications of this voice.

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  • Repoliticising indigenous participation: FPIC protocols in Canada and Brazil, in The International Journal of Human Rights,
    by FRANÇOISE MONTAMBEAULT,  
    9/9/2022

    Global activism led to the emergence of new international standards concerning state obligations to consult Indigenous peoples and, under certain circumstances, obtain their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) when extractive projects impact their rights and traditional territories. However, a growing literature shows that the implementation of Indigenous peoples’ participatory rights remains uneven and inconsistent at best. This paper focuses on Indigenous peoples’ agency in operationalising their rights. We do so by focusing on an increasingly common yet overlooked Indigenous strategy: the development of community-based consultation and consent protocols. What role do unilateral Indigenous protocols play in shaping how participatory norms are implemented? How can protocols contribute to shaping Indigenous peoples’ relations with state and industry actors? We present the result of a systematic comparative analysis of thirty-five consultation and consent protocols adopted by Indigenous nations and communities in Canada and Brazil between 2005 and 2020. While they vary in their structure and content, protocols in both countries converge in their use of both programmatic and performative languages to recast participatory processes as spaces to assert Indigenous peoples’ status and legitimacy as self-determining polities. In doing so, protocols re-politicise and re-appropriate participatory processes and put forward an alternative interpretation of their participatory rights that challenges how state authorities and industry actors tend to operationalise consultation and FPIC standards.

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  • Social Policy for Institutional Change: Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru, in The World Politics of Social Investment: Volume II
    by NORA NAGELS,  
    7/7/2022

    The World Politics of Social Investment: Political Dynamics of Reform is the second of two volumes of the World Politics of Social Investment (WOPSI) project, which systematically maps and explains different welfare reform strategies in democratic countries around the world. This volume traces the development of social investment reforms across the regions of Nordic, Continental, and Southern Europe, as well as Central and Eastern Europe, North and Latin America, and North East Asia. The chapters in this volume study the impact of different structural drivers for social investment (e.g., demographic, poverty, demand for skill, or lack of an available workforce), the salience of social investment in the public debates, and the different political coalitions that led to or prevented the adoption of social investment strategies. The chapters are written by leading social policy scholars from different world regions. They all apply a joint theoretical framework (developed in the first of the two volumes) to explain the politics of social investment in a range of contexts and policy fields. Jointly with the first volume, the WOPSI project offers the first worldwide analysis of social investment reforms around the globe.

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  • The Experience of the Political: Merleau-Ponty among the Landless Workers in Brazil
    by DAN FURUKAWA MARQUES,  
    23/7/2021

    Inspired by the work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, this article proposes political phenomenology as an ethnographic method to analyze a community of landless workers in southern Brazil. More specifically, it mobilizes Merleau Ponty s concepts of institution, experience, expression, sign and style to describe the political experience of the landless. This analytical framework is applied in the field to illuminate the processes of political subjectivity and community formation as they developed in a group of individuals associated with the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) as they occupied land for survival.

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  • Resistance to Chronic Violence in Informal Workplaces: The Strategies of Domestic Workers in Brazil (2003–2018)
    by JEAN FRANÇOIS MAYER,  
    8/2/2021

    This article analyses the repertoire of individual strategies utilised by domestic workers to resist routinised workplace violence in the cities of São Paulo and Ilhéus, Brazil. Findings suggest that domestic workers favour two strategies of resistance: exit (quitting work without prior notice) and voice (negotiating workplace conditions). The latter strategy is divided into two subtypes: voice-pleading (appealing to decency) and voice-confrontation (warning and rights-claiming). Voice strategies appear more effective than exit in ameliorating patterns of chronic workplace violence, particularly when they incorporate labour rights claims and when emotional ties exist between workers and employers.

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  • Introduction to: Exploring the Repertoire of Strategies of Resistance to Routinised Violence in Informal Workplaces
    by JEAN FRANÇOIS MAYER,  
    8/2/2021

    This Special Issue results from two panels organised for the 2018 Congress of the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) in Barcelona: ‘Informal and Precarious Labour After the Pink Tide: New Challenges and Emerging Responses’ and ‘Exploring the Repertoire of Everyday Forms of Resistance to Routinised Violence in Informal Workplaces’.

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  • FPIC and Indigenous Consultation Protocols in Brazil: Comparative Trajectories
    by FRANÇOISE MONTAMBEAULT,   PRISCYLLA JOCA ,  
    28/7/2020

    This article aims to document the phenomenon of Indigenous consultation protocols in Brazil by comparing two cases, the Juruna and the Munduruku protocols. This paper also intends to trace the emergence and uses of these protocols by the actors in place, in order to emphasize not only their legal but also political scope. The following comparison brings to light that, even though there are widespread advances and challenges regarding the Indigenous consultation protocols in Brazil and being the protocols theoretically similar, in fact, there is a significant variation in the trajectories of emergence and implementation of those protocols. In conclusion, the proposed comparison shows that a contextual and situated analysis that focuses on the strategies and practices of the actors may be more fruitful in order to understand, in practice, how the mechanisms of appropriation of the norm of FPIC and its implementation operate.

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  • Brazil and Colombia : the action of anti-feminist political mechanisms
    by DANIELLE COENGA-OLIVEIRA,  
    1/3/2020

    Antifeminisms are a counter-movement of action and thought that are opposed to feminisms [1]. They aim to distort concepts and theories, to delegitimize feminist movements and their demands and seek to block progress towards the full autonomy and freedom of the women [2]. If in the European and North American academic context, specifically the Quebec one, discussions on anti-feminisms are already common, the analysis of this phenomenon in Latin America has been neglected in favour of other concepts. However, it seems to us that the concept of anti-feminism can bring new avenues of reflection to this region. Based on our experience as researchers in Brazil and Colombia, we therefore decide to focus on the analysis of discourses about the supposed

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  • Espace public, recomposition des gauches et syndicalisme. Éléments de comparaison Argentine - Brésil.
    by THOMAS COLLOMBAT,  
    6/12/2019

    Espace public, recomposition des gauches et syndicalisme. Éléments de comparaison Argentine - Brésil. Les espaces publics, la démocratie et les gauches en Amérique latine, 2019

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  • The Brazilian women's movement and the state under the PT national governments
    by CHARMAIN LEVY,  
    20/7/2019

    Certain segments of the Brazilian Women s Movement (BWM) developed important strategic partnerships with the state under the PT federal government. This article demonstrates how these partnerships had both inclusionary and exclusionary effects on gender centric policy outcomes. Using a mix method approach which includes extensive in-depth interviews with BMW activists and archival data from governmental sources, the Brazilian experience illustrates that entering the state headed by a women ally president facilitates funnelling some of the women’s movement’s demands into the state. However, hierarchies within the movement itself, the congressional strength of the head of executive and the activism of some of its socially conservative legislative allies can severely temper that effect.

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  • One year after her death, Marielle is still present
    by DANIELLE COENGA-OLIVEIRA,  
    14/3/2019

    In 2018, the world knew about the story of Marielle Franco, the Brazilian city councillor brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro. On March 14, the car in which Marielle was travelling received 14 shots, killing the councillor (with four bullets in the head) and Anderson Gomes, who was driving the car. Investigations to date indicate that the projectiles with which Marielle and Anderson were shot were purchased by the Brazilian Federal Police.

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  • “It Was Once a Radical Democratic Proposal”: Theories of Gradual Institutional Change in Brazilian Participatory Budgeting
    by FRANÇOISE MONTAMBEAULT,  
    17/12/2018

    Because of its early positive assessments, participatory budgeting (PB) has been and continues to be praised by several policymakers, and the Brazilian model has become an institutional blueprint around the world. No one questions the way the model has evolved in Brazilian municipalities with a long tradition of PB, but it was institutionalized there through practice and not through state legislation. It is thus highly permeable to political will and evolving ideas.

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  • Politiques de sécurité et unités de police pacificatrice à Rio de Janeiro: Pratiques et représentations chez les policiers militaires de Mangueira
    by ANNABELLE DIAS FELIX,  
    31/10/2018

    Since the early 2000s, public security has been a recurrent issue for the city of Rio de Janeiro. However, within the context of mega-events in the city, Rio further accelerated its public security policy reform process. In 2008, the State of Rio de Janeiro’s Governor, Sergio Filho Cabral, decided to establish a «pacification» policy in the city.

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  • Hall of Mirrors: Media, Democratization, and the Public Sphere in Maranhão, Brazil
    by JULIÁN DURAZO-HERRMANN,  
    6/2/2018

    Freedom of expression and access to diverse sources of information are seen as critical elements of democracy, although their concretization on the ground is subject to strong interference. Recent regime change in Maranhão, one of Brazil’s poorest states, has led to the emergence of new media and some expansion of the public sphere.

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  • Uma Constituição cidadã? Sucessos e limites da institucionalização de um sistema de participação cidadã no Brasil democrático
    by FRANÇOISE MONTAMBEAULT,  
    1/1/2018

    A adoção da Constituição democrática de 1988 foi marcada pela vontade de romper com o período autoritário e de incluir a participação ampla dos cidadãos brasileiros nos processos decisórios locais, estaduais e nacionais. Após 30 anos a linguagem da inclusão dos cidadãos e da Constituição cidadã foi retomada pelos políticos de todos os níveis de governos para marcar a ambição democrática e inclusive de suas ambições particulares.

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  • Cartography of disputes in the public arena of electoral corruption in Brazil
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/12/2017

    This article explores the debate in the public arena of electoral corruption in Brazil, from a pragmatic sociology perspective, to map and unfold its main disputes.

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  • Judith Butler the instrumentalization of religious discourse and the violence of a conservative society
    by DANIELLE COENGA-OLIVEIRA,  
    1/12/2017

    Discussion on feminist philosopher Judith Butler s trip to Brazil in a conservative context

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  • Civil society organizations and social innovation. How and to what extent are they influencing social and political change?
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/8/2017

    This study aims to understand how civil society organizations (CSOs) perform and influence public arenas.

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  • Civil society and social innovation in the public sphere: a pragmatic perspective
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/5/2017

    This article proposes a new theoretical approach for the study of social innovation processes promoted by civil society actors in the public sphere, based on French pragmatic sociology.

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  • Civil Society and Social Innovation in Public Arenas in Brazil: Trajectory and Experience of the Movement Against Electoral Corruption (MCCE)
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/4/2017

    In recent decades, the Brazilian Movement Against Electoral Corruption (MCCE) has been promoting social innovation in the public sphere, which led to mobilization towards the creation of two popular initiatives in Brazil

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  • Desapropriações, Resistências e o Megaevento da Copa do Mundo: tempo, poder e projetos de desenvolvimento
    by ALICE MOURA,  
    1/10/2014

    Dando ênfase à especificidade de megaeventos, em contraste com outros projetos e polos de desenvolvimento, este trabalho analisa impactos da Copa do Mundo de Futebol de 2014, na Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco.

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  • Vai ter Copa, para alguns
    by ALICE MOURA,  
    10/5/2014

    O artigo deste domingo da seção

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  • Accountability, social control and co-production of public goods: the action of twenty Brazilian social observatories aimed at citizenship and fiscal education
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/5/2012

    Amidst the political and institutional maturing of Brazilian democracy, one of the ways in which society takes part in public administration affairs is through involvement in social observatories.

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  • Social observatories as promoters of social control and accountability: reflections on the Itajaí social observatory experience
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/9/2010

    This article discusses the potentialities and limitations of social observatories that focus on citizenship audit in promoting social control and accountability, starting with the experience of the Itajaí Social Observatory

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