Success of the two February 2022 ERIGAL online conferences, with Kevin Parthenay and Maxine Molyneux!

We first received Kevin Parthenay (University of Tours and associate researcher at CERI-Sciences Po), on Wednesday, February 2, 2022, on the release of his book "Crises in Latin America, Uprooted Democracies (2009-2019)".

In this book, he starts from the observation that in 2019, almost all Latin American countries were set ablaze by political and social protest movements of an unprecedented scale. The simultaneity of the events was then perceived by the international community as a true Latin American "autumn of the peoples". However, despite their synchronization and the similarity of certain demands, these various explosions had profoundly divergent origins and effects, and punctuated ten years of political crises in which the democracies were severely tested. Kevin Parthenay, following the progression of the book, first reviewed the common and divergent characteristics of these crises, and then analyzed their causes through three main axes: the common weakness of most Latin American institutions, the deepening of social fractures deeply rooted in the societies of these countries, and finally the geopolitical dimensions of these crises.

The first part of the conference was devoted to this presentation, while the second part allowed students and professors of ERIGAL to deepen, extend and broaden the debate through rich exchanges.


On Thursday, February 10th, we were honored to host the eminent feminist sociologist Maxine Molyneux (Researcher and professor at the University College London, Institute of the Americas), for a presentation on a possible fourth wave of feminism.

Maxine Molyneux began by discussing the importance of historiography in the analysis of feminisms and then presented the issues periodization using the metaphor of "waves". Then, after reviewing the main features of the three waves of feminisms officially identified to date, the sociologist showed us to what extent we can now reflect on the emergence of a fourth wave, by questioning its characteristics, as well as the ruptures and continuities that it maintains with the previous movements. This fourth wave would be led by a new generation of young women, many of whom present themselves as breaking with previous generations. Movements of the global South play a central role in these new dynamics, and Latin America is particularly central to these new processes. If you are interested in this topic and did not have the opportunity to attend the conference, you can learn more by clicking here.

As usual, the presentation was followed by a rich question and answer period.

Thanks to our guests for their presence, and to all the participants for their interventions!