PEER REVIEWED ARTICLE

ARTICLES
  • FPIC and Indigenous Consultation Protocols in Brazil: Comparative Trajectories
    by FRANÇOISE MONTAMBEAULT,   PRISCYLLA JOCA ,  
    28/7/2020

    This article aims to document the phenomenon of Indigenous consultation protocols in Brazil by comparing two cases, the Juruna and the Munduruku protocols. This paper also intends to trace the emergence and uses of these protocols by the actors in place, in order to emphasize not only their legal but also political scope. The following comparison brings to light that, even though there are widespread advances and challenges regarding the Indigenous consultation protocols in Brazil and being the protocols theoretically similar, in fact, there is a significant variation in the trajectories of emergence and implementation of those protocols. In conclusion, the proposed comparison shows that a contextual and situated analysis that focuses on the strategies and practices of the actors may be more fruitful in order to understand, in practice, how the mechanisms of appropriation of the norm of FPIC and its implementation operate.

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  • Security, Resilience and Participatory Urban Upgrading in Latin America and the Caribbean
    by TINA HILGERS,  
    14/7/2020

    In theory, security and resilience in contexts of violence and crime are improved by participatory urban upgrading. Yet, upgrading practices actually demonstrate how vulnerabilities to violence, insecurity and crime are reproduced by state–society and intra?community power hierarchies. On the one hand, the priorities and perspectives of politicians and bureaucrats continue to take precedence over the needs and demands of residents of marginalized communities, undermining participation. On the other hand, the internal socio?political structures of marginalized communities complicate the capacity and willingness of residents and external state actors to engage with each other. The result is that upgrading programmes are not particularly successful in ordering development and security or in creating resilience. Internal processes have a greater impact on residents’ choices in their daily struggles to survive and thrive, but the resilience they create is limited because power and resources tend to be centralized and sometimes linked to crime groups. This article uses the cases of Kingston (Jamaica) and São Paulo (Brazil) to highlight these power hierarchies and how they impede the resilience project of participatory urban upgrading processes in contexts of crime and violence.

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  • The ‘Pink Tide’ and the Labour Movement: Lessons from the Argentinean and Brazilian Experiences
    by THOMAS COLLOMBAT,  
    1/5/2020

    This article offers a comparative analysis of Argentina and Brazil’s labour movement during and immediately after the “Pink Tide”, a period during which most South American countries elected progressive governments. We adopt an analytical framework combining critical political economy and historical neo-institutionalism that points to the resilience of corporatist dynamics but also to their domestic specificities, due to divergent political and legal legacies. The contrasting implementations of Argentinean and Brazilian unions in workplaces, as well as their relations to political parties and to organizational unity explain most of the differences observed after the fall of the progressive governments in their respective countries.

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  • The Brazilian women's movement and the state under the PT national governments
    by CHARMAIN LEVY,  
    1/12/2019

    Certain segments of the Brazilian Women s Movement (BWM) developed important strategic partnerships with the state under the PT federal government. This article demonstrates how these partnerships had both inclusionary and exclusionary effects on gender centric policy outcomes. Using a mix method approach which includes extensive in-depth interviews with BMW activists and archival data from governmental sources, the Brazilian experience illustrates that entering the state headed by a women ally president facilitates funnelling some of the women’s movement’s demands into the state. However, hierarchies within the movement itself, the congressional strength of the head of executive and the activism of some of its socially conservative legislative allies can severely temper that effect.

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  • Communauté et subjectivité politiques. La mística du Mouvement des travailleurs ruraux sans-terre (MST) et la phénoménologie politique de Maurice Merleau-Ponty
    by DAN FURUKAWA MARQUES,  
    30/9/2019

    La mística du Mouvement des travailleurs ruraux sans-terre (MST) au Brésil peut être interprétée comme l’incarnation pratique d’idéaux politiques et existentiels ayant pour effet de faire communauté. Tout en considérant les analyses socio-anthropologiques du phénomène, le présent article met davantage l’accent sur les perceptions et les effets subjectifs à travers une analyse phénoménologico-politique, jusqu’ici très peu explorés.

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  • Problèmes de la démocratie au Honduras
    by DANIEL VASQUEZ,  
    1/2/2019

    The present study on the characteristics of the Honduran political system tries to provide elements to understand why, over the last ten years, the Central American country has been the scene of numerous crises, whose consequences have favoured variations of political identities, and the development of authoritarian or neo-populist options. Following the reflections of professors Charles W. Anderson and Mario Posas, this text proposes the identification of the main “power contenders” and their interaction with each other, as the interpretive key to decipher the challenges Honduras is facing. The article can serve as a starting point to contextualise the recent “migrant caravans” and the recent conflicts between political parties and the different sectors of organized civil society.

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  • “It Was Once a Radical Democratic Proposal”: Theories of Gradual Institutional Change in Brazilian Participatory Budgeting
    by FRANÇOISE MONTAMBEAULT,  
    17/12/2018

    Because of its early positive assessments, participatory budgeting (PB) has been and continues to be praised by several policymakers, and the Brazilian model has become an institutional blueprint around the world. No one questions the way the model has evolved in Brazilian municipalities with a long tradition of PB, but it was institutionalized there through practice and not through state legislation. It is thus highly permeable to political will and evolving ideas.

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  • Politiques de sécurité et unités de police pacificatrice à Rio de Janeiro: Pratiques et représentations chez les policiers militaires de Mangueira
    by ANNABELLE DIAS FELIX,  
    31/10/2018

    Since the early 2000s, public security has been a recurrent issue for the city of Rio de Janeiro. However, within the context of mega-events in the city, Rio further accelerated its public security policy reform process. In 2008, the State of Rio de Janeiro’s Governor, Sergio Filho Cabral, decided to establish a «pacification» policy in the city.

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  • Incomplete Universalization? Peruvian Social Policy Reform, Universalism, and Gendered Outcomes
    by NORA NAGELS,  
    4/7/2018

    This article analyzes Peruvian social reforms of the early 2000s, in relation to the stated goal of increasing universality as well as to their gendered impacts. It argues that three principal limitations inhibited the move to universality and did little to promote gender equality. First, the quality of public service is weak and this has had a particularly adverse impact on women. Second, the reforms have not limited the historical fragmentation of the Peruvian social policy architecture. Finally, social program implementation is still coercive, limiting the reinforcement of social rights based on citizenship for women.

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  • Hall of Mirrors: Media, Democratization, and the Public Sphere in Maranhão, Brazil
    by JULIÁN DURAZO-HERRMANN,  
    6/2/2018

    Freedom of expression and access to diverse sources of information are seen as critical elements of democracy, although their concretization on the ground is subject to strong interference. Recent regime change in Maranhão, one of Brazil’s poorest states, has led to the emergence of new media and some expansion of the public sphere.

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  • Uma Constituição cidadã? Sucessos e limites da institucionalização de um sistema de participação cidadã no Brasil democrático
    by FRANÇOISE MONTAMBEAULT,  
    1/1/2018

    A adoção da Constituição democrática de 1988 foi marcada pela vontade de romper com o período autoritário e de incluir a participação ampla dos cidadãos brasileiros nos processos decisórios locais, estaduais e nacionais. Após 30 anos a linguagem da inclusão dos cidadãos e da Constituição cidadã foi retomada pelos políticos de todos os níveis de governos para marcar a ambição democrática e inclusive de suas ambições particulares.

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  • Cartography of disputes in the public arena of electoral corruption in Brazil
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/12/2017

    This article explores the debate in the public arena of electoral corruption in Brazil, from a pragmatic sociology perspective, to map and unfold its main disputes.

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  • Civil society organizations and social innovation. How and to what extent are they influencing social and political change?
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/8/2017

    This study aims to understand how civil society organizations (CSOs) perform and influence public arenas.

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  • Civil society and social innovation in the public sphere: a pragmatic perspective
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/5/2017

    This article proposes a new theoretical approach for the study of social innovation processes promoted by civil society actors in the public sphere, based on French pragmatic sociology.

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  • Civil Society and Social Innovation in Public Arenas in Brazil: Trajectory and Experience of the Movement Against Electoral Corruption (MCCE)
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/4/2017

    In recent decades, the Brazilian Movement Against Electoral Corruption (MCCE) has been promoting social innovation in the public sphere, which led to mobilization towards the creation of two popular initiatives in Brazil

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  • América Latina en el Internacionalismo Sindical
    by THOMAS COLLOMBAT,  
    1/2/2017

    Actas de las Terceras Jornadas de Estudios sobre América Latina y el Caribe, Instituto de Estudios sobre América Latina y el Caribe, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 2017

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  • Social Policy Instruments in Motion. Conditional Cash Transfers from Mexico to Peru
    by NORA NAGELS,  
    5/12/2016

    Social policy prescriptions for Latin America have shifted significantly over recent decades. This article tracks a process by which a conditional cash transfer (CCT) to mothers, begun in a Mexican programme with some pretensions to promoting gender equality, was standardized by international organizations, becoming a policy instrument characterized by gender sensitivity, but having little attention to equality.

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  • Desapropriações, Resistências e o Megaevento da Copa do Mundo: tempo, poder e projetos de desenvolvimento
    by ALICE MOURA,  
    1/10/2014

    Dando ênfase à especificidade de megaeventos, em contraste com outros projetos e polos de desenvolvimento, este trabalho analisa impactos da Copa do Mundo de Futebol de 2014, na Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco.

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  • Accountability, social control and co-production of public goods: the action of twenty Brazilian social observatories aimed at citizenship and fiscal education
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/5/2012

    Amidst the political and institutional maturing of Brazilian democracy, one of the ways in which society takes part in public administration affairs is through involvement in social observatories.

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  • Social observatories as promoters of social control and accountability: reflections on the Itajaí social observatory experience
    by RUBENS LIMA MORAES,  
    1/9/2010

    This article discusses the potentialities and limitations of social observatories that focus on citizenship audit in promoting social control and accountability, starting with the experience of the Itajaí Social Observatory

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